Painted scene of distant mountains
Techniques - Uncategorized

Intro to stained glass crafting

Intro to Stained Glass

Hey there, craft enthusiasts!

Have you ever visited a friend and been amazed to see a brilliant, colorful suncatcher hanging in their window? Maybe at church you marveled at the luminescent and vibrant beauty of the stained glass windows.

I bet you’ve thought, “Wow, how on Earth did they create that?” Well, I’m here to explain. I want to share my passion with you and help you get started on your own stained glass journey.

1. Understanding the Essence of Stained Glass

Stained glass is like a living canvas, capturing the dance of light and color to tell vibrant stories. Through this age-old craft, ordinary windows come alive, blending artistry with the magic of sunlight.

2. Tools and Materials You’ll Need

  • Glass: Obviously, right? There’s a wide variety to choose from—opaque, transparent, textured, you name it!
  • Glass Cutter: No, not your everyday kitchen glass cutter! You’ll need a professional tool that’s designed for intricate crafting. They come in multiple shapes and sizes. It’s best to start out with a simple pencil style cutter.
  • Lead Came or Copper Foil: These help connect the individual glass pieces with solder, to create stained glass windows and other projects. Traditional windows use came. Lead came are long pieces of slotted, bendable lead. These are cut and shaped to fit around the glass edge. It’s strong and gives good support. Copper foil is the more modern option. It’s a thin flexible piece of adhesive backed copper wrapped around the edges of the glass. Copper foil is great because it gives more options for intricate designs. Both methods have their place, but copper foil is best for newbies learning the ropes.
  • Solder & Soldering Iron: Used to seal the deal and fuse everything into place. Seams and joints get soldered in both lead and copper styles.
  • Other Tools: Glass grinder, grozing pliers, and safety gear. Safety first, folks!


For all the details on Tools and Supplies needed for beginning stained glass crafters read this post:

A Beginner’s Guide to Stained Glass Supplies and Tools”

3. The Basics of Crafting

  • Designing: Start with a paper template. Some artists like to get creative with freehand designs, but for beginners, it might be easier to trace or replicate an existing image.
  • Cutting: This takes practice. Press the cutter firmly and consistently, listening for a steady “hiss”. The sound of success!
  • Grinding: After breaking the glass from your cuts, grind the edges to smooth them out. This ensures the pieces fit snugly together.
  • Foiling or Leading: Wrap the edges of each piece with copper foil or fit them into lead came. This prepares them for soldering.
  • Soldering: Melt solder over the seams where two pieces of glass meet, holding them together.

4. Cut, Grind, and Solder – What can you Make?

As a stained glass beginner, there are plenty of cool things you can make. It’s best to start with simpler designs that allow you to hone your skills without getting overwhelmed. Here are three beginner-friendly stained glass projects:

Sun Catchers:

Small, decorative pieces designed to hang in windows. These make great first projects that typically consist of only a few pieces of glass.

Making a Stained Glass Moth Suncatcher

Glass Coasters:

Practical and fun to make, coasters can be square or circular in shape. You can make these with foiled glass, or try a mosaic design and play around with funky color combinations and patterns.

Mosaic Project for Absolute Beginners 2. Crazy Paving Coaster

Simple Framed Panels:

A small decorative panel can be shown on a wall or placed on a stand – manageable, not too intimidating, right? Fun to design and quick to finish.


5. Mistakes Are Lessons

Relax, don’t worry. Your first project won’t be a masterpiece, and that’s okay! Stained glass crafting, like all great things, takes patience and practice. Remember, every artist was once a beginner.

6. Safety, Safety, Safety

Handling glass and solder can be dangerous. Always wear eye protection and gloves. A mask is recommended, too, especially while grinding and soldering. Work in a well-ventilated area, and keep young kids and pets away.

7. Unleash Your Creativity

Stained glass doesn’t always mean religious iconography or classic pastoral scenes. Modern designs can be abstract, pop culture-oriented, or anything that reflects your personality. The sky’s the limit!

8. Learning Resources

This intro to stained glass is just the tip of the iceberg. I’ve been fortunate enough to learn from many incredible artists and websites. Some helpful resources include Delphi Glass, Gomm Studios, Glass Crafters, and Stained Glass Express. And don’t forget to search on YouTube. Dive deep, get inspired, and learn from the best!

Wrap Up

Stained glass crafting can be immensely satisfying. Imagine creating something that transforms sunlight into a riot of colors—a living piece of art! As you embark on this journey, embrace every little accomplishment. And if you ever feel down, just remember these famous words: “Art is to console those who are broken by life.” – Vincent Van Gogh

Happy Crafting!


Dive deeper into the world of stained glass by exploring more on my blog,